english grammar mistakes

22 English Grammar Mistakes You Need To Stop Making Right Now

Making common grammar mistakes can make you look like an idiot in front of your colleagues.

Here’s why I have listed 22 most common grammar mistakes in English language and the rules that you should follow when writing, this can help beginners to improve English grammar and amend grammatical mistakes.

1.    Active – Passive:

Your text is a passive voice when the object (which is a noun receiving the action) is acting as the subject of your sentence. Often you will have noticed the object being placed at the end of the sentence, following by a verb.

Active Examples:

  • Maryam mailed the letter.
  • I ate an apple.

Passive Examples:

  • The letter was mailed by Maryam.
  • An apple was eaten by me.

2.    Adjectives:

Mistakes such as the excessive use of adjectives are very common in the English Language. Below examples will help you in understanding this in a better way.

Correct Examples:

  • He is smarter than him.
  • He has many skills in him.
  • We have got much work on our plates to do.
  • He is becoming better and better than before.

Incorrect Examples:

  • He is more smarter than him.
  • He has much skills in him.
  • We have got many works on our plates to do.
  • He is becoming good and good than before.

3.    Adverbs:

There are many adverbs that are placed in different positions in a sentence. And have a unique usage, and beginners find it bothering to use adverbs correctly.

Correct Examples:

  • He bowls really well.
  • He is very sorry.
  • He is too poor to afford his fees.
  • It is too cold to be going out.

Incorrect Examples:

  • He bowls really very well.
  • He is very much sorry.
  • He is so poor to afford his fees.
  • It is very cold to be going out.

4.    Articles:

There has been a confusion recorded among the use of “the” and “a” among people, when writing text.
According to the rules, proper nouns do not find the need of an article.
Singular common noun, has an article with it.
In case of plural common noun, we omit the article “a”, usually no article’s associated with it.
“The” is used along with a superlative adjective.

Correct Examples:

  • Kashif is my friend.
  • There is a cat on the roof.
  • It is a spider’s web.
  • He is the best player in the cricket team.

Incorrect Examples:

  • The Kashif if my friend.
  • There is a cat on roof.
  • It is spider’s web.
  • He is best player in the team

5.    Collective Noun:

When you are talking about a group, as a whole, the collective nouns would take a singular verb. And a plural verb would be taken, if they are being talked about as an individual member of group.

Correct Examples:

  • A flock of birds, is flying north.
  • A pack of hounds, has attacked a flock of sheep.
  • Everyone in the audience is pleased to hear the speech.

Incorrect Examples:

  • A flock of birds, are flying north.
  • A pack of hounds, have attacked a flock of sheep.
  • Everyone in the audience, are pleased to hear the speech.

6.    Correlative:

You should be careful using correlatives. The rule of using them is to keep them beside the similar parts of speech.

Correct Examples:

  • Car has hit either a dog, or a cat.
  • He would neither go out, nor let us.
  • He is not only good at Cricket, but also good at Football.

Incorrect Examples:

  • Either the car has hit a dog or a cat.
  • Neither would he go out, nor let us.
  • Not only is he good at cricket, but also at football.

7.    Conjunction:

Two clauses or separate sentences are joined using conjunctions. These words include because, but, for, if, or, and, when, yet, so.

Correct Examples:

  • Treasure was hidden in cave, or buried underground.
  • What they say and what they mean is different.
  • Sister fell asleep so he went home.
  • I hated the apple pie, yet I tasted it for him.

8.    Contraction:

Contractions are the abbreviated words. There are two types, those formed by replacing missing letters and those formed by shortening words.
Eg: don’t, Mr. can’t, shouldn’t, Dr.

Examples:

  • I don’t have the authority. (Instead of do not, we put don’t).
  • please hand me my coat. (Mister shortened to Mr.)

9.    Determiner:

Determiners have a significant role to play in the English grammar. It consists of words or phrases that are preceded by noun, and serve context with its reference.  Common determiners are articles (a, an, the).

Correct Examples:

  • The dog is barking too loudly.
  • A student has the lost book.

Possessive Determiner, is preceded by the noun, indicating the possession.

Correct Examples:

  • This is his car.
  • I left my pen there.

Demonstrative, are used to point at entities.

Correct Examples:

  • Is this a pen?
  • I don’t want to go to that school.

Quantifier, indicate the quantity such as all, few, many, how much or how little of something there is.

Correct Examples:

  • He has taken all my clothes.
  • Few of our relatives live in USA.

10. Double Negatives:

We often see people using double negatives. What you shouldn’t practice is not use a negative verb with a quantifier that is negative.

Correct Examples:

  • I have nothing to prove to you.
  • I can hardly wait for my birthday.
  • There was nobody at the part.

Incorrect Examples:

  • I haven’t nothing to prove to you.
  • I can’t hardly wait for my birthday.
  • There wasn’t nobody at the airport.

11. Gerund and Proposition:

Whenever you see a gerund (or the –ing forms of verb) know that there will be a preposition after that. Or in other words, preposition is followed by the gerund.

Correct Examples:

  • I was stopped from writing the letter.
  • He insisted on the Prime Minister for resigning the post.

Incorrect Examples:

  • I was stopped from write the letter.
  • He insisted on the Prime Minister resigning the post.

When a noun or a pronoun is placed or written before a gerund it should be written in the possessive case. As the example below suggests:

Correct Example:

  • My brother’s studying, and that pleases my father.

Incorrect Example:

  • My brother studying, and that pleases my father.

12.Historic Present:

You can make a past event look as if it is actually happening in the present. That we can accomplish by using the present tense to make it appear like that. This is the historic present.

Examples:

  • Muhammad Ali Jinnah, is the first Governor General of Pakistan.
  • Allama Muhammad Iqbal is one of the pioneers of Urdu Literature.
  • Mirza Asad ullah Khan Ghalib is regarded as the pioneer of Urdu poetry (Ghazal).

13.Indirect Questions:

We all are aware of the Direct and Indirect. But be sure, to be careful when writing indirect questions.

Correct Examples:

  • She asked me what I was doing.
  • My father wants to know when he will begin writing.

Incorrect Examples:

  • She asked me what was I doing?
  • My father wants to know when will he begin writing?

14.Nouns having no singular form:

There are a few nouns, who have no singular forms. Examples are scissors, trousers, binoculars, etc.

 Correct Examples:

  • The scissors are kept in the cupboard.
  • Trousers are hanging in your cupboard.

Incorrect Examples:

  • The scissor is kept in the cupboard.
  • Trouser is hanging in your cupboard.

15.Nouns having no plural form:

Similar to the nouns having no singular forms, there are various nouns that have no plural forms. Examples are news, information, luggage, advice, wheat, dust, grass and many more.

Correct Examples:

  • Have you packed your and every other guests’ luggage?
  • Do you have all the necessary information?

Incorrect Examples:

  • Have you packed your and every other guests’ luggages?
  • Do you have all the necessary informations?

16.Nouns with identical Singular & Plural Forms:

There are a few nouns who have singular and plural identical. Examples of such nouns are deer, sheep, aircraft, food, concrete, fish, jeans, knowledge, pyjamas, and many more.

Correct Examples:

  • I like to hunt deer.
  • He says food is his life.
  • I like to have fish once a week for dinner.

Incorrect Examples:

  • I like to hunt deers.
  • He says foods are his life.
  • I like to have fishes once a week for dinner.
17.Pronouns:

When the pronoun in a sentence is being used as a subject, should not be separated from the verb (if possible).

Correct Examples:

  • I went to buy shoes with my brother.
  • Aircraft landed at the airport in the morning.

Incorrect Examples:

  • I with my brother went to buy shoes.
  • Aircraft at the airport landed in the morning.

Pronouns are required to go along with the antecedents. Whether it be the number, the gender or a person it should be agreeing and satisfying the antecedent.

Correct Examples:

  • Each of the players gave their bats to get them weighed.
  • Everybody should bear their own burden.
  • Every man is responsible for their downfall.

Incorrect Examples:

  • Each of the players gave his bats to get them weighed.
  • Everybody should bear his/her own burden.
  • Every man are responsible for their downfall.

18.Subject-Verb:

In forming a proper sentence, its subject and verb both must agree with one another (whether they be singular either plural).

Correct Examples:

  • The important part of our life have been the people who stand by us.
  • The best things about the party were its food and music.

Incorrect Examples:

  • The important part of our life has been the people who stand by us.
  • The best things about the party was its food and music.

19.Subordinate Clause – Tense:

If the main clause’s verb is in future tense, the subordinate clause shall be in the present tense.

Correct Examples:

  • I will call you when the match is beginning.
  • He will come if you ask him.

Incorrect Examples:

  • I will call you when the match will be beginning.
  • He will come if you will ask him.

20.Superlative – Comparatives:

Superlative is used to compare someone with a whole group, to which they seem to belong to.
Comparative, is used to compare someone or something with another.

Correct Examples:

  • I am taller than my brother.
  • I was the tallest boy in the class.
  • He is the best batsman in the team.

Incorrect Examples:

  • I am tallest than my brother.
  • I was the taller boy in the class.
  • He is the better batsman in the team.

Common Mistake: In comparatives, be careful in comparing the part of things. A few necessary words are often left out, by people knowingly or unknowingly. These necessary words include, that of, these of, and those of.

Correct Examples:

  • His teaching was like that of Buddha.
  • The size of the ring should be as that of this one.
  • My glasses are better than those of my friends’.

Incorrect Examples:

  • His teaching was like Buddha.
  • The size of the ring should be of this one.
  • My glasses are better than my friends’.

21.Transitive Verb:

Transitive verb can be defined as an action verb with a direct object. In simpler words, verb followed by an object.

Correct Examples:

  • Here is the plate, please fill it.
  • He enjoyed himself when he was in Europe.

Incorrect Examples:

  • Here is the plate, please fill.
  • He enjoyed when he was in Europe.

22.Verbs:

Verbs such as enjoy, miss, postpone, should be used with a gerund.

Correct Examples:

  • He enjoys acting.
  • I avoid eating vegetables.
  • My friend suggested consulting a doctor.

Incorrect Examples:

  • He enjoys to sing.
  • I avoid to eat vegetables.
  • My friend suggested to consult a doctor.

Related